A Beginner’s guide to CBD and THC and its usage
As the popularity of medical marijuana has rapidly grown in the last couple of years, more and more consumers are becoming interested in cannabis oils – especially in well-known, widely recognized CBD oil. Although the therapeutic effects and health benefits of cannabis have been the subject of many studies and medical trials, the difference between the CBD, CBD oil, THC, hemp and cannabis, still remains a mystery for many.
Difference between CBD and THC
Although, both CBD and THC have numerous therapeutic attributes there are few essential differences between them.
In short, cannabidiol (CBD) is a special compound found in the flower and the leaves of the hemp plant. Its therapeutic potential and overall positive impact on health are being tested and confirmed by scientists worldwide. CBD is a safe, non-addictive cannabis compound, recognized by the medical experts as the natural ingredient that could transform the lives of millions.
Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol, better known as THC, it doesn’t cause the high and won’t make you feel “stoned”. CBD isn’t psychoactive and it has its own mechanism of influencing our body. This is precisely why many people who want to enjoy the health benefits of cannabis without getting high, will go for CBD oil. Great, isn’t it? But that’s only a start.
CBD oil and its usage
2018 was the year in which, constant-growing but yet unregulated market in CBD oil products has reached a critical mass. The massive consumer demand and the support these products get from famous athletes, film stars, musicians and most important of all – parents of desperately ill children or people with serious medical conditions themselves.
Most of the athletes primarily use CBD products for pain management, when in need of muscle relief or in a case they want to lessen inflammation. But, as the new discoveries are made, the uses of CBD are becoming wider. For example, it’s proved that certain types of epilepsy could be treated by a CBD-based medicine approved by FDA.
Furthermore, CBD oils have frequently used to help people dealing with depression and intense stress. There are also cases of people who used CBD products to lower stress on their pets. Moreover, numerous cancer patients use CBD oil while undergoing chemotherapy to ease the symptoms including nausea and low appetite.
Even though health benefits of CBD are no longer a question, pharmaceutical CBD is still hard to obtain. That’s why people are turning to alternative sources such as coffee shops, health clubs, Internet shops and even gas stations that retailed a wide array of CBD oil products.
How exactly does CBD work?
As the number of researchers related to CBD continues to grow, we learn more and more about its amazing medical potential. It’s familiar that CBD benefits different conditions, but you may still not be aware of how it works. Let see what scientists say.
Firstly, there are many proofs that CBD has strong anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiolytic effect. This means it brings natural stress, anxiety and pain relief. But, this is not the only reason why CBD is beneficial for so many versatile conditions.
In other words, the mechanism behind CBD’s effect on the human body has its own, interesting rules. So, to understand how cannabinoids found in CBD interact with receptors in our body, for starters, we should discuss the Endocannabinoid system.
What is the Endocannabinoid System?
Back in the eighties, to be precise in 1988, scientists have discovered the first cannabinoid receptor in the brain of a rat. In this game-changing discovery, scientists found out that these receptors are primarily found in the parts of the brain responsible for essential mental and psychological processes. In other words, these brain regions are responsible for memory, high cognition, emotion, and motor coordination.
Next important discovery followed just a few years later. In 1993, the second cannabinoid receptor was localized in the immune and central nervous systems.
Two years later, in 1995, there was a breakthrough. Researchers discovered that these receptors, named as CB1 and CB2 receptor, were found not only in rats but in humans, as well.
In the years that followed, technology had progressed which brought the new possibilities into clinical trials. This basically meant that researches were able to better understand the cannabinoid receptors they have found. Thanks to these advancements, scientists were able to figure out a completely unknown signaling system between the CB1 and CB2 in human bodies and receptors known as ‘endocannabinoids’ found in cannabis.
This system was officially named the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), since endocannabinoids played an important role in its maintenance. But, the most exciting part is that this system was of the vital importance of keeping the perfect balance between the interdependent elements in the body. It was crucial for maintaining the body’s homeostasis, the natural balance of our body, essential for good health.
So, this was the conclusion. Our bodies are made to interact with cannabinoids that have the potential to improve our overall health. Having all this in mind, it’s not a surprise we have more and more proofs CBD and cannabis should be seen as a natural medical alternative that could benefit both our health and beauty.
How to Make CBD Oil?
CBD products are present more than ever. From medicine to the beauty industry, it seems like it has found its place and built the reputation among the experts.
With CBD’s growing popularity, almost every day we learn something new about its superpower. But, have you ever asked yourself how this magical product is made?
Firstly, CBD producers select a hemp source naturally potent in CBD. This is the main condition for the product’s quality. Producers established in the business tend to always improve their methods. So they have developed proprietary strains of cannabis or hemp. Nowadays, there are many ways to extract CBD and produce CBD oil. Here are some of the most popular CBD extraction methods.
Whole Plant Extraction
This is one of the most popular methods in the medical communities. The researches prefer it because they believe that a broader spectrum of cannabinoids yields during whole plant extraction. Basically, this process is focused on the entire plant. That’s why plants are cultivated especially for this purpose and sent for the extraction in the special, professional conditions. This is how the best components of the plant are extracted and prepared for further usage.
Another variant is CBD isolate. It’s the pure CBD and its effectiveness could depend on the quality of the plant where it originated. When compared with full spectrum CBD, CBD isolate shows some differences. Researchers have discovered that full spectrum CBD was associated with higher levels of relief, when given, parallel with CBD isolate to two separate groups of mice.
This leads to a conclusion that there is a wider range of full spectrum CBD benefits than CBD isolate benefits. But, more important, this does not discredit the numerous advantages of CBD isolate. Both of these variants could be used as a perfect fit, depending on the user’s needs.
This method is considered original, when it comes to extracting the whole plant CBD oil. The mechanism behind it is simple. Just soak the hemp plant in a solvent, grain alcohol for example. When the material soaks, the liquid that remains will contain CBD and related cannabinoids. In the end, after you evaporate the solvent, the CBD hemp oil will remain.
Adding extra flavors
The process of extracting CBD from the plant is only one step of making CBD oil. What follows is equally important. As extracted CBD oil is less than pleasant-tasting, producers should adapt it to fit the needs and wishes of the future users. For this reason, they try to make the oil a bit tasty. That’s why there are many flavors of the CBD oil and related products on the market.
Extracted directly from hemp seeds, hemp oil contains very small amounts of THC, meaning it’s not psychoactive.
Although it’s mostly used in makeup, shampoos, nutrition, clothing, building materials and more, hemp oil doesn’t have many medicinal benefits. This is due to its incredibly low concentration of CBD and inability to include THC.
Thanks to nutty flavor and the fact it’s rich in proteins, this oil type is commonly used in cooking as an alternative to olive oil.
There are also many lotions on the market with hemp oil, perfect for hydrating the skin. Some pieces of evidence show that it can treat atopic dermatitis and that it contains anti-aging properties for the skin.
Hemp oil is natural moisturizer so if you fancy natural, yet high-quality soaps, search no further.
Hemp oil vs. CBD oil
The main difference between hemp oil and CBD oil, as we said earlier, is in what part of the plant they come from. Hemp oil is from seeds and is used in a wide range of products including protein supplements, beauty products such as lotions and soap, and much more.
On other hand, CBD oils are manufactured for medical purposes in first place. Whether that’s a balance of THC and CBD, or a pure CBD, these oils are becoming more and more popular for treating and managing a wide variety of medical conditions. From dermatitis, arthritic inflammation, epilepsy to seizure disorders and PMS, CBD oil benefits the consumers and improves their quality of life in so many ways.
Let’s sum up CBD Oil and Hemp Oil
If you have already had an opportunity to use CBD oil and hemp oil, or you think about safe, yet reliable ways for improving your wellbeing, you’re at the right place. Recognized by the health industry as another big thing, both cannabis and hemp are an interesting alternative with proven benefits. In the following texts, you will learn more about their usage and the hot, new products you should definitely include in your everyday life. Stay tuned.